Conflict prevention is an underestimated component of peaceful conflict transformation in the South Caucasus. However, the recent escalation of conflict at the Armenia-Azerbaijan line of contact attracted attention of both local civil society and international community to the importance of conflict prevention.
In our region women are very much involved in spheres of education, civic activism and civil participation which makes them instrumental in processes of conflict prevention on both local and regional levels. Although there is a small number of women in decision making positions, bodies of local governance and Parliaments, women are dominant in pre-school institutions, schools, NGOs and civic movements across Caucasus. I believe that by empowering these grass-roots women, it is possible to strengthen mechanisms of conflict prevention."
"The experience of women and men in situations of conflict is significantly different. Most of the direct or indirect victims of conflict are women. Women can play a key role in the prevention and resolution of conflicts. Empowering women in conflict situations would help to prevent gender-based violence such as the abominable crimes of rape, forced pregnancy, sexual slavery and others.
Moreover, history of war and conflict shows less participation of women in the war and conflict. They are by nature more peaceful and have good management skills. So increasing their role in decision making, their equal participation in the governance will promote the peace and security. Their increased representation at all decision-making levels in national, regional and international institutions and mechanisms is important for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts."
Expert on North Korea
Gyung Lan Jung
"Women are half of whole population
Women are important actors
"Simply because they are aware of any disagreement within the family or community. Also because:
(a) They can read the pulse of the community, their natural curiosity/instinct helps them to understand how others feel, they are geared to understand a baby's cry before he/she speaks and that intuition helps them to understand others better.
(b) They can reach more easily to others than men, they are also more flexible."
Women are half of every community and the tasks of peacebuilding are so great, women and men must be partners in the process of peacebuilding.
Paula Banerjee • India
1. Women have a different attitude to power in general from men because of their traditional distance from formal spaces of power. Therefore, women are able to negotiate for peace with little consideration for power.
2. During conflict, men often disappear from the scenes as they join the ranks of guerrillas or simply try to keep away from the public eye. Women form the majority of the civil society. Therefore women's involvement is key to peace making.