The Republic of Guinea is a small country located on the Atlantic Coast of West Africa and bordered by Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali,Senegal and Sierra Leone. The country established its independent and sovereign state on 2 October 1958. Despite its abundance of aluminum rich resources, the country's economy has suffered under repressive leaders who mismanaged the economy and failed to alleviate poverty.
The civil wars of Liberia and Sierra Leone in the 1990s put a larger strain onGuinea's already unstable economy and security. In 2000, the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel army, with the support of the Liberian President at the time, Charles Taylor, conducted attacks into Guinea from Sierra Leoneand Liberia. These attacks led to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to relocate many of the 200,000 Sierra Leonean and Liberian refugees who had fled to Guinea to escape the conflicts. The Guinean president at the time, Lieutenant-Colonel Lansana Conté, accused the refugees of encouraging war against the Guinean government. This led to further cultural tension in Guinea, detainment of many refugees and cross border conflict.
On 21 October 2011, the Government of Guinea requested that the country be included into the UN Peacebuilding Commission's agenda. Unlike the other PBC agenda countries that were referred by the Security Council,Guinea was the first country to directly request its own inclusion onto the agenda of the PBC. On 23 February 2011, the Republic of Guinea became the sixth PBC agenda country. Considering Guinea's unique case, the Organizational Committee of PBC, with the assistance of the Government of Guinea, the UN, and international partners, created a country-specific configuration for Guinea.
The Statement of Mutual Commitments between the Government of Guinea and the PBC highlights three priorities for peacebuilding in the country:
- Promotion of reconciliation and national unity.
- Security and defense sector reform.
- Youth and women's employment policy.
And the cross-cutting issues of:
- Improving governance.
- Building human and institutional capacity.
The PBC and the government of Guinea are currently reviewing the mutual engagement. Find key documents for the work until now of the Guinea Configuration on the PBC's website here.