The small West African nation of Guinea-Bissau has been the stage for continuous political and military turmoil. A civil war in 1998 and a series of military coups severely weakened the socioeconomic and financial situation, leaving Guinea-Bissau one of the world's poorest countries with the infrastructure in ruins from years of civil unrest. Guinea-Bissau also faces the problem of prevalent drug trafficking within the country and in the wider sub-region. Drug cartels have preyed on a virtually lawless Guinea-Bissau, which the international community fears has become the epicenter of a transnational threat to regional security. Combating drug trafficking and organized crime, reforming the national security sector and promoting the rule of law stand as key priorities for Guinea-Bissau as the country seeks to restore stability and to ensure sustainable economic development. In addition, the assassination of the late President Nino Vieira in 2009 was a major setback for the nation. When the mandate of the United Nations Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau expired in February 2016, the Security Counil, concerned about institutional and political tensions in the country, voted an extension of the mandate until February 27th 2017. Read more about the conflict in Guinea-Bissau
Following a referral from the Security Council in December 2007, Guinea-Bissau became the third country to be considered by the PBC, following Burundi and Sierra Leone. Through close consultation with national authorities and other key stakeholders, the PBC identified peacebuilding challenges in the following areas:
- Building governmental capacity.
- Public sector reform.
- Strengthening of the rule of law.
- Security sector reform.
- Assisting the electoral process.