A landlocked country in the very middle of Africa, the Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the poorest nations in the world. Sharing its borders with Chad, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo and Cameroon, CAR has seen a long decade of armed banditry and socioeconomic difficulties, rooted in domestic political strife. Violence has led to a massive displacement of the civilian population and human rights abuses. An estimated 197,000 have been internally displaced, and 98,000 others have fled into neighboring countries. Nonetheless, there has been tangible progress in the peace process, including an internationally supervised transistion involving a constitutional referendum and presidential and parliamentary elections. Faustin-Archange Touadera was elected President in February 2016 with 61% of votes.
The Security Council referred CAR to the PBC in May 2008. In June, the PBC Central African Republic Configuration launched consultations with the Government and national stakeholders to begin work on developing a Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding in CAR. The Strategic Framework, which was adopted in May 2009, includes analysis of the risks to peacebuilding in CAR, the commitments of specific stakeholders to achieving peacebuilding goals in close accordance with existing national strategies, and an agreement to establish a monitoring and tracking mechanism to measure progress. Through consultations at the United Nations and in Bangui, the CAR Configuration and the Government have identified priority areas that offer both risks and opportunities to building peace:
- Reform of the security sector and DDR.
- Governance and rule of law.
- Development hubs.